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General > High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Disease
High blood pressure is one of several 'risk factors' that can increase your chance of developing cardiovascular diseases. As a rule; the higher the blood pressure-the greater the risk.
Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries (blood vessels) blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
The first number is the systolic pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts.
The second number is the diastolic pressure, which is is the pressure in the arteries as the heart rests between each heartbeat.
A fit person should have BP around 120/80mmHg
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD's) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include: coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease & deep vein thrombosis.
Often there are no symptoms of these underlying diseases of the blood vessels, however there are indicators of increased risk which include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, raised blood glucose, inflammation markers & being overweight or being obese.
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